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bjaypee
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Joined: 01 Aug 2001
Posts: 198

PostPosted: Thu Nov 02, 2006 10:42 am Reply with quoteBack to top


This is a small attempt to learn and know about our hattis

Though, so much is written and spoken about Badagas, it is a matter of great regret and concern that still the “EXACT” number of Badaga hattis is not known. The total number varies from 300 to 400. Rao Bahadur H.B. Ari Gowder is known to have sent his assistant HAIKA MATHI in 1940s and 1950s to all over the Nakku Betta to know about the villages and the problems of Badagas, but,unfortunately there are no written records available / traceable.

Badagas, generally, refer to their village or hamlet as ‘ HATTI ‘ spread around ‘Nakku Betta’ (the Nigiris). Nakku Betta literaly means four (Nakku) Mountains (betta) though there are many more bettas (hills) around which the villages are located.

It appears that initially when the Badagas established their hamlets, they took two very important factors into consideration. Being very environment conscious, they chose a) Direction - always or to a very great extent facing the east [ ‘Hothu (sun) uttua (rising) pakka (side)’] and b) Water source - near a stream (halla) or spring (huttu neeru).

Every hatti had a ’suthugallu’ (sacred triangular shaped stone) at the base of a ‘bikka mara’ (tree) around which important meetings (Kootu) took place. For the most sacred of all Badaga festivals ‘Hethai Habba’ - always held on a monday (sovara), the collection of money (Hana kattodu) took place at the suthugallu in an eloborate ceremony on the preceding friday (belli). Let me write about Hethai Habba in a separate article.

The houses of each village were laid out in parallel rows, each row facing the east. The houses had common walls (Gode mane) possibly as a measure of security. Every house had exactly the same configuration of Bayilu (entrance), Nadu Mane (central-living/dining room ),Oge mane (Inner room) which also doubles up as the kitchen with a 'beskatti' (large basket) above the hearth for drying, Pillay (bathroom) and Ereh (a separate room adjacent to the bayilu). Of course, there was an attic (Attulu) above the goge mane - kitchen) the entry to which is from the nadumane. Again, we will discuss about a typical badaga house separately.

[Post script (03/11/06) : My wife tells me that I may not be accurate in describing a typical Badaga house - she mentions about EDA MANE & OGANA MANE. I will give a correct picture soon]

A cluster of villages, which need not be close or adjacent to each other, is called a ‘Seeme’. The Nilgiri Hills - Naakku Betta , was divided into four ' Seemes ' and all the hattis were brought under them. What is the basis apart from the geographical consideration (which is not true always) is not known. But one unfortunate fallout was that each 'Seeme' considered itself to be superior and hence there was a lot silent bickering. This carried on till a strong leader like Rao Bahadur Bellie Gowda and after him his son Rao Bahadur Ari Gowda tried to unite all the Badagas so that their problems could be sorted out and properly represented to the Government of the day.

Prof. Paul Hockings may be one of the earliest to mention the number and names of the hattis in his books.

In a laudable effort , Mr. K.H.Madha Gowder edited “NAKKU BETTA” magazine, had attempted to record all the hattis in one of its issues in late 1970s. I take this opportunity to list the villages as mentioned in ‘Nakku Betta’ hoping any omission/ incorrect mention will be brought out so that the same can be included / corrected.

I have preferred to use the names as known to Badagas. For example, Jakkada for Jagathala or Manjida for Manjithala or Pedduva for Pethala



I. ‘ Thodha Naadu Seeme ‘


( Supposed to be our “Dodda Ooru”. Also known as ‘Raja Padagiri Seeme’)

The boundaries are from Solur to Kookkal Thore

1. Kada naadu 2. Kei Kauhatti 3. Baralatti 4. Kundeh Soppe 5. Edu hatti

6. Kodu mudi 7. Thore hatti 8. Hanni Kore 9. Kavilore 10. Kavaratti

11. Kara pillu 12. Kallatti 13. Soluru 14. Thalai male 15. Kengal

16. Bara mannu 17. Kenguva mudi 18. Ajjoor 19. Thatha benu

20. Kurumbedi 21. Alattane 22. Maasigan 23. Davane 24. Mynale

25. Moregallu 26. Kendore 27. Beragallu 28. Ullupatti 29. Hosa hatti

30.Batta kore 31. Mavu kallu 32. Malli gore 33. Thatneri 34. Panju mora

35. Bikke Kandi 36. Bekkodu 37. Kokkulu 38. Bendatti 39. Osa hatti

40. Bana hatti 41. Honnadale 42. Thegili 43. Omeyaratti 44. Jakkalorai

45. Madithore 46. Thummanada 47. Kappachi 48. Muguttuva

49. Nelli Mandu 50. Karakkallu 51. Nanja nadu 52. Ode hatti 53. Melur

54. Akoni 55. Kada sole 56. Hosa hatti 57. Poose kunnur 58. Konagatti

59. Ebbu nadu 60. Kagguchi 61. Kalingana hatti 62. Kookal 63. Seegola

64. Aalatti 65. Mel Kau hatti 66. Kambatti 67. Thummanatti 68. Billi kambai

69. Thooneri 70. Ooru malai 71. Mara kallu 72. Kuruthu kuli 73. Hullathi

74. Bikkatti 75. Athi kallu 76. Thattaneri (Repeat?) 77. Osa hatti (repeat?)

78. Motha kambe 79. Moragutti 80. Jeenatti 81. Bikke mora hatti

82. Uyilatti 83.Kookal Thore 84. Melatti 85. Nadu hatti

(What I have mentioned as repeat - may be there are two Osa hattis ?)



II. ‘Porangadu Seeme’

Also known as ” Aaila Baila Seeme ” ( Porangadu 19 (Hathombathu) Ooru ).

From ‘Hubbathale‘ to ‘Hulivare‘ constitute the boundaries.


1. Thatha Nadu 2. Ora sole 3. Gundada 4. Pudiyangi 5. Marle Kambe

6. Batta Kore 7. Arakkambe 8. Mel Ane hatti 9. Kil Ane hatti 10. Dhimbatti

11. Kada kodu 12. Sippili kambe 13. Kanneri mookku 14. Ali ooru

15. Are hatti 16. Sayil dittu 17. Jakkalode 18. Kade kambatti 19. Kappatti

20. Kanneri 21. Nara giri 22. kunni hatti 23. Beraganni 24. Sundatti

25. Selakkore 26. Ker bettu 27. Betlada 28. Bendatti 29. Meedenu

30. Ker kambe 31. Lilli hatti 32. Bamudi 33. Neduguva 34. Bandime

35. Kodamale 36. Pedduva 37. Baiyangi 38. Kallatti 39. Hakkeru 40. Yeda palli

41. Eethore 42. Bettatti 43. Osatti 44. Katta bettu 45. Hubbathale Ooru

46.Honnore 47. Attave 48. Natta kallu 49. Kerbennu 50. Kathigatti

51. Eruppu kallu 52. Pudu mandu 53. Thotha mokke 54. Keraiyada

55. Jakkanare 56. Sakkatha 57. Kesalada 58. Aravenu 59. Thumbooru

60. Kallada 61. Bangalada 62. Thinni ooru 63. (H)Onnatti 64. Thooneri 65. Sulli goodu

66. Edukkore 67. Kengare 68. Hullathatti 69. Kottuvana hatti 70. Mel Odenu

71. Kil Odenu 72. Banni ooru 73. Bebbenu 74. Konavakore 75. Kakkul

76. Dhabba kambe 77. Thogalatti 78. Denadu 79. Ane ode 80. Thalore

81. Yettkallu 82. Odeyaru hatti 83. Mudia kambe 84. Selave

85. Kurukkathi 86. Kavilore 87. Selakore 88. Kottanalli 89. Thumbi male

90. Jakka kombe 91. Avvur 92. Bellada 93. Osatti (repeat?) 94. Embimora hatti

95. Bikkatti 96. Bagumudi 97. Dhodda mane hatti 98. Kagakkuthore

99. Koon sole 100. Jakkada 101.Odanatti 102.Bearatti 103. Malliore

104. Kakakore 105. Kil Bikkatti 106. Mel Bikkatti 107. Hubbathale Hatti

108. Kari mora 109. Kechigatti 110. Nadu hatti 111. Bettatti (repeat?) 112. Manjida


III. ‘ Mekku Nadu Seeme ‘

Also known as ‘ Asala Bisalagiri Seeme ‘ and (Meekunadu Seeme 9 (Ombathu) Ooru).

From Ketti to Keeyur

1. Porore 2. Sogathore 3. Sakkalatti 4. Kethore 5. Denale 6. Dhoddani

7. Kil Odayaratti 8. Kodangatti 9. Kekkatti 10. Emakkatti 11. Ker kandi

12. Ellanalli 13.Hullada 14. Ketti Ooru 15. Achanakal 16. Halada 17. Theda hatti

18. De hatti 19. Sora gundu 20. Kerada 21. Ken Kundhe 22. Kammandu

23. Mel Odayaratti 24. Thambatti 25. Adikaratti 26. Ane hatti 27. Mutti nadu

28. Oranai (Kattery) 29. Kattery 30. Nadu hatti 31.Thooratti 32. Kenduva

33. Koderi 34. Mel Koderi 35. Oor thittu 36. Allattane 37. Manja kambe

38. Denadu 39. Mynale 40. Kokkalada 41. Maasi kandi 42. Bengal 43. Kothi ben

44. Hulikkal 45. Panne bennu 46. Melur 47. Attu bayilu 48. Porthi

49. Bembatti 50. Belitho 51. Ithalar 52. Pudugatti 53.Thodhale 54. Dhodda appukodu

55. Umar kandi 56. Angidi hatti 57. Byge mandu 58. Osatti 59. kallakore

60. kariyalbe 61. Nunduva 62. Muduguva 63. Balakore 64. Meekeru

65. Manu hatti 65. Thangadu 66. Oranai 67. Kanneri 68. Mandhane

69. Godalatti 70. Bikol 71. Kasole 72. Mel Osatti 73. Kil Osatti 74. Haraguchi

75. Bellada 76. Nai hatti 77. Are hatti 78. Aadakore (Thulidale)


IV. ‘ Kundhe Seeme ‘

Also known as ‘ Eera Jilla Seeme ‘(?)

1. Kinna kore 2. Osatti 3. Bikkatti 4. Hiriya seege 5. Mel Kundhe

6. Attu mannu 7. Mulli male 8. Nadu hatti 9. Kechigatti 10. Kerabadu

11. karia male 12. Kandi bikke 13. Manjooru 14. Mani kallu 15. Kil Kundhe

16. Thooneri 17. Matta kandi 18. Bakore 19. Mullegooru 20. Osa hatti

21. Bikkatti 22. Kunjanare 23. Gundinaali 24. Mukki male 25. Kai kandi

26. Edakkadu thale hatti 27. Edakkadu nadu hatti 28. Sundatti


Kindly write/comment to tell me about any ommissions & corrections at

bjaypee@gmail.com

To see the above with photos go to

http://http://badaga-villages.blogspot.com/


You may also like to visit http://badaga.in , http://badaga.info , http://badagas.info , http://baduga.info and http://badaga.biz

Added :

1.Kora Kundhe 2. Emarald (thanks to rajunandha )
3.Hayoor (which is next to Kannerimukku in Kotagiri (thanks to mithun matha dharmaraj )
4.Thorajada 5. Kombukorai (thanks to N Bellie )

?? Santhoor -?? (see below)

Note ; 05 Jan 2007


N Bellie has taken strong objection to Santhoor being included. He writes in his post "In Badaga Hatties, Shantoor was added as a Badaga Hatty.But Shantoor is not a Badaga Hatty. There non badagas only live, and it is a small bazaar in Ketti. Anyhow Badaga Christians are living in two hamlets nearby Shantoor and they are known as THORAJADA and KOMBUKORAI.
Kindly note this error, and delete Shantoor from Badaga Hatties list "

Now R Ramachandran also writes on 5 Jan 2007 that "Shantoor does not come under any of the hatti/seemae. This is one of the place where people from Ketti seemae and nearby villages who have converted to Christianity live.
Now there are many other people who live there. This is one of the Christian mission centres founded very early in the Nilgiris. This is because Badaga villages do not take any outsider other than the badagas who live by the traditions of Hethai.
May be we ignore this as a hatti".

Yes I agree that Santhoor should not be included but should we not add Thorajada & Kombukorai ?

Please write about the Hattis that might have been omitted

_________________
Wg Cdr JP - http://www.badaga.wordpress.com , http://www.baduga.in , www.badaga.name

Last edited by bjaypee on Thu Nov 04, 2010 6:11 am; edited 17 times in total
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sathish_water
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Joined: 14 May 2006
Posts: 130

PostPosted: Fri Nov 03, 2006 12:19 am Reply with quoteBack to top

Gud work ....bjaypee ... Expecting more ....


Regards
satish kumar.R
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rajunandha
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Joined: 04 Jan 2003
Posts: 293

PostPosted: Fri Nov 03, 2006 2:13 am Reply with quoteBack to top

Excellent work... icon_smile.gif

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Nannnndu...
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drrams
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Joined: 14 May 2004
Posts: 340

PostPosted: Fri Nov 03, 2006 4:03 am Reply with quoteBack to top

Dear Mr. BJayPee,
I have been observing all your postings and the specific websites which you had mentioned in here and elsewhere since from the beginning. Despite your busy schedule, you’ve been posting very important things, especially related to our badaga community and culture. We, the youngsters are very glad to have you around this site (I would say!!..would I??).

You’re doing an excellent job indeed!!!

Rgds
Rams
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bjaypee
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Joined: 01 Aug 2001
Posts: 198

PostPosted: Fri Nov 03, 2006 5:24 am Reply with quoteBack to top

To all those friends who have written to appreciate, A BIG THANK YOU !

Dr.Ram, I am a 'fan' of yours too. You were the inspiration for me to think and dwell on one of the unique customs of Badagas - 'Karu Harachodu".

I strongly feel that 'badaga.com' has given all of us a platform to express our thoughts without any restrictions. I originally joined as a member in 1990s, due to some server problems I had to rejoin, and was convinced that 'badaga.com' can become a powerful forum. Though less than a 1000 have chosen to become members, the good news is that it is considered a good ref. point by many.

If, through, 'badaga.com', we can come to a convincing conclusion about the number of hattis, it would be a great first step.

My request to all the readers ; " PLEASE WRITE TO TELL ABOUT THE NAMES OF ALL THE HATTIS YOU KNOW & HEARD OF " so that we can compare, correct and come to a conclusion.

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nramesh
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Joined: 28 Oct 2005
Posts: 37

PostPosted: Fri Nov 03, 2006 7:35 am Reply with quoteBack to top

BJayPee anna,
Excellent Work!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

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sendhil15
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PostPosted: Fri Nov 03, 2006 4:13 pm Reply with quoteBack to top

Good work Bjaypee
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ravibalraj
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PostPosted: Sat Nov 04, 2006 2:41 am Reply with quoteBack to top

Excellent Work!!!!

manjooran
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manojkumar
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PostPosted: Mon Nov 06, 2006 8:22 am Reply with quoteBack to top

Good Work.. Keep it up...
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rajunandha
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PostPosted: Tue Nov 07, 2006 2:14 am Reply with quoteBack to top

So, a total of 303 Hatties in Nilgiris. Kora Kundha, Emerald, Santhoor... anyway relates with Badaga Hatties... icon_confused.gif

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alakaraisuresh
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PostPosted: Fri Nov 24, 2006 3:58 am Reply with quoteBack to top

this is a good job,it was really very use full to me.

alakarai suresh icon_lol.gif

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alakaraisuresh
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bellielic
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PostPosted: Mon Nov 27, 2006 5:36 am Reply with quoteBack to top

bjaypee wrote:

This is a small attempt to to learn and know about our hattis

Though, so much is written and spoken about Badagas, it is a matter of great regret and concern that still the “EXACT” number of Badaga hattis is not known. The total number varies from 300 to 400. Rao Bahadur H.B. Ari Gowder is known to have sent his assistant HAIKA MATHI in 1940s and 1950s to all over the Nakku Betta to know about the villages and the problems of Badagas, but,unfortunately there are no written records available / traceable.

Badagas, generally, refer to their village or hamlet as ‘ HATTI ‘ spread around ‘Nakku Betta’ (the Nigiris). Nakku Betta literaly means four (Nakku) Mountains (betta) though there are many more bettas (hills) around which the villages are located.

It appears that initially when the Badagas established their hamlets, they took two very important factors into consideration. Being very environment conscious, they chose a) Direction - always or to a very great extent facing the east [ ‘Hothu (sun) uttua (rising) pakka (side)’] and b) Water source - near a stream (halla) or spring (huttu neeru).

Every hatti had a ’suthugallu’ (sacred triangular shaped stone) at the base of a ‘bikka mara’ (tree) around which important meetings (Kootu) took place. For the most sacred of all Badaga festivals ‘Hethai Habba’ - always held on a monday (sovara), the collection of money (Hana kattodu) took place at the suthugallu in an eloborate ceremony on the preceding friday (belli). Let me write about Hethai Habba in a separate article.

The houses of each village were laid out in parallel rows, each row facing the east. The houses had common walls (Gode mane) possibly as a measure of security. Every house had exactly the same configuration of Bayilu (entrance), Nadu Mane (central-living/dining room ),Oge mane (Inner room) which also doubles up as the kitchen with a 'beskatti' (large basket) above the hearth for drying, Pillay (bathroom) and Ereh (a separate room adjacent to the bayilu). Of course, there was an attic on top of beskatti( kitchen having a hearth) the entry to which is from the nadumane. Again, we will discuss about a typical badaga house separately.

[Post script (03/11/06) : My wife tells me that I may not be accurate in describing a typical Badaga house - she mentions about EDA MANE & OGANA MANE. I will give a correct picture soon]

A cluster of villages, which need not be close or adjacent to each other, is called a ‘Seeme’. The Nilgiri Hills - Naakku Betta , was divided into four ' Seemes ' and all the hattis were brought under them. What is the basis apart from the geographical consideration (which is not true always) is not known. But one unfortunate fallout was that each 'Seeme' considered itself to be superior and hence there was a lot silent bickering. This carried on till a strong leader like Rao Bahadur Bellie Gowda and after him his son Rao Bahadur Ari Gowda tried to unite all the Badagas so that their problems could be sorted out and properly represented to the Government of the day.

Prof. Paul Hockings may be one of the earliest to mention the number and names of the hattis in his books.

In a laudable effort , Mr. K.H.Madha Gowder edited “NAKKU BETTA” magazine, had attempted to record all the hattis in one of its issues in late 1970s. I take this opportunity to list the villages as mentioned in ‘Nakku Betta’ hoping any omission/ incorrect mention will be brought out so that the same can be included / corrected.

I have preferred to use the names as known to Badagas. For example, Jakkada for Jagathala or Manjida for Manjithala or Pedduva for Pethala



I. ‘ Thodha Naadu Seeme ‘


( Supposed to be our “Dodda Ooru”. Also known as ‘Raja Padagiri Seeme’)

The boundaries are from Solur to Kookkal Thore

1. Kada naadu 2. Kei Kauhatti 3. Baralatti 4. Kundeh Soppe 5. Edu hatti

6. Kodu mudi 7. Thore hatti 8. Hanni Kore 9. Kavilore 10. Kavaratti

11. Kara pillu 12. Kallatti 13. Soluru 14. Thalai male 15. Kengal

16. Bara mannu 17. Kenguva mudi 18. Ajjoor 19. Thatha benu

20. Kurumbedi 21. Alattane 22. Maasigan 23. Davane 24. Mynale

25. Moregallu 26. Kendore 27. Beragallu 28. Ullupatti 29. Hosa hatti

30.Batta kore 31. Mavu kallu 32. Malli gore 33. Thatneri 34. Panju mora

35. Bikke Kandi 36. Bekkodu 37. Kokkulu 38. Bendatti 39. Osa hatti

40. Bana hatti 41. Honnadale 42. Thegili 43. Omeyaratti 44. Jakkalorai

45. Madithore 46. Thummanada 47. Kappachi 48. Muguttuva

49. Nelli Mandu 50. Karakkallu 51. Nanja nadu 52. Ode hatti 53. Melur

54. Akoni 55. Kada sole 56. Hosa hatti 57. Poose kunnur 58. Konagatti

59. Ebbu nadu 60. Kagguchi 61. Kalingana hatti 62. Kookal 63. Seegola

64. Aalatti 65. Mel Kau hatti 66. Kambatti 67. Thummanatti 68. Billi kambai

69. Thooneri 70. Ooru malai 71. Mara kallu 72. Kuruthu kuli 73. Hullathi

74. Bikkatti 75. Athi kallu 76. Thattaneri (Repeat?) 77. Osa hatti (repeat?)

78. Motha kambe 79. Moragutti 80. Jeenatti 81. Bikke mora hatti

82. Uyilatti 83.Kookal Thore 84. Melatti 85. Nadu hatti

(What I have mentioned as repeat - may be there are two Osa hattis ?)



II. ‘Porangadu Seeme’

Also known as ” Aaila Baila Seeme ” ( Porangadu 19 (Hathombathu) Ooru ).

From ‘Hubbathale‘ to ‘Hulivare‘ constitute the boundaries.


1. Thatha Nadu 2. Ora sole 3. Gundada 4. Pudiyangi 5. Marle Kambe

6. Batta Kore 7. Arakkambe 8. Mel Ane hatti 9. Kil Ane hatti 10. Dhimbatti

11. Kada kodu 12. Sippili kambe 13. Kanneri mookku 14. Ali ooru

15. Are hatti 16. Sayil dittu 17. Jakkalode 18. Kade kambatti 19. Kappatti

20. Kanneri 21. Nara giri 22. kunni hatti 23. Beraganni 24. Sundatti

25. Selakkore 26. Ker bettu 27. Betlada 28. Bendatti 29. Meedenu

30. Ker kambe 31. Lilli hatti 32. Bamudi 33. Neduguva 34. Bandime

35. Kodamale 36. Pedduva 37. Baiyangi 38. Kallatti 39. Hakkeru 40. Yeda palli

41. Eethore 42. Bettatti 43. Osatti 44. Katta bettu 45. Hubbathale Ooru

46.Honnore 47. Attave 48. Natta kallu 49. Kerbennu 50. Kathigatti

51. Eruppu kallu 52. Pudu mandu 53. Thotha mokke 54. Keraiyada

55. Jakkanare 56. Sakkatha 57. Kesalada 58. Aravenu 59. Thumbooru

60. Kallada 61. Bangalada 62. Thinni ooru 63. Onnatti 64. Thooneri 65. Sulli goodu

66. Edukkore 67. Kengare 68. Hullathatti 69. Kottuvana hatti 70. Mel Odenu

71. Kil Odenu 72. Banni ooru 73. Bebbenu 74. Konavakore 75. Kakkul

76. Dhabba kambe 77. Thogalatti 78. Denadu 79. Ane ode 80. Thalore

81. Yettkallu 82. Odeyaru hatti 83. Mudia kambe 84. Selave

85. Kurukkathi 86. Kavilore 87. Selakore 88. Kottanalli 89. Thumbi male

90. Jakka kombe 91. Avvur 92. Bellada 93. Osatti (repeat?) 94. Embimora hatti

95. Bikkatti 96. Bagumudi 97. Dhodda mane hatti 98. Kagakkuthore

99. Koon sole 100. Jakkada 101.Odanatti 102.Bearatti 103. Malliore

104. Kakakore 105. Kil Bikkatti 106. Mel Bikkatti 107. Hubbathale Hatti

108. Kari mora 109. Kechigatti 110. Nadu hatti 111. Bettatti (repeat?) 112. Manjida


III. ‘ Mekku Nadu Seeme ‘

Also known as ‘ Asala Bisalagiri Seeme ‘ and (Meekunadu Seeme 9 (Ombathu) Ooru).

From Ketti to Keeyur

1. Porore 2. Sogathore 3. Sakkalatti 4. Kethore 5. Denale 6. Dhoddani

7. Kil Odayaratti 8. Kodangatti 9. Kekkatti 10. Emakkatti 11. Ker kandi

12. Ellanalli 13.Hullada 14. Ketti Ooru 15. Achanakal 16. Halada 17. Theda hatti

18. De hatti 19. Sora gundu 20. Kerada 21. Ken Kundhe 22. Kammandu

23. Mel Odayaratti 24. Thambatti 25. Adikaratti 26. Ane hatti 27. Mutti nadu

28. Oranai (Kattery) 29. Kattery 30. Nadu hatti 31.Thooratti 32. Kenduva

33. Koderi 34. Mel Koderi 35. Oor thittu 36. Allattane 37. Manja kambe

38. Denadu 39. Mynale 40. Kokkalada 41. Maasi kandi 42. Bengal 43. Kothi ben

44. Hulikkal 45. Panne bennu 46. Melur 47. Attu bayilu 48. Porthi

49. Bembatti 50. Belitho 51. Ithalar 52. Pudugatti 53.Thodhale 54. Dhodda appukodu

55. Umar kandi 56. Angidi hatti 57. Byge mandu 58. Osatti 59. kallakore

60. kariyalbe 61. Nunduva 62. Muduguva 63. Balakore 64. Meekeru

65. Manu hatti 65. Thangadu 66. Oranai 67. Kanneri 68. Mandhane

69. Godalatti 70. Bikol 71. Kasole 72. Mel Osatti 73. Kil Osatti 74. Haraguchi

75. Bellada 76. Nai hatti 77. Are hatti 78. Aadakore (Thulidale)


IV. ‘ Kundhe Seeme ‘

Also known as ‘ Eera Jilla Seeme ‘(?)

1. Kinna kore 2. Osatti 3. Bikkatti 4. Hiriya seege 5. Mel Kundhe

6. Attu mannu 7. Mulli male 8. Nadu hatti 9. Kechigatti 10. Kerabadu

11. karia male 12. Kandi bikke 13. Manjooru 14. Mani kallu 15. Kil Kundhe

16. Thooneri 17. Matta kandi 18. Bakore 19. Mullegooru 20. Osa hatti

21. Bikkatti 22. Kunjanare 23. Gundinaali 24. Mukki male 25. Kai kandi

26. Edakkadu thale hatti 27. Edakkadu nadu hatti 28. Sundatti


Kindly write/comment to tell me about any ommissions & corrections at

bjaypee@gmail.com

To see the above with photos go to

http://badaga.wordpress.com/badaga-villages-nakku-betta-hattis/


Added on 8/11/06 (thanks to rajunandha's post)

1.Kora Kundhe 2. Emarald 3. Santhoor


Please write about the Hattis that might been omitted


In Badaga Hatties, Shantoor was added as a Badaga Hatty.
But Shantoor is not a Badaga Hatty. There non badagas only live, and it is a small bazaar in Ketti.
Anyhow Badaga Christians are living in two hamlets nearby Shantoor and the are known as THORAJADA and KOMBUKORAI.
Kindly note this error, annd delete Shantoor from Badaga Hatties list.

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melursenthil
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Joined: 03 May 2006
Posts: 57

PostPosted: Fri Dec 01, 2006 9:43 pm Reply with quoteBack to top

Dear bjaypee,

Congratulations for your excellent work. I will get the details from the district administration and find out if any villages have been left out of this list.

Thanks for the good post

Regards

R.Senthil Kumar

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gopinathjoghee
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Joined: 03 Dec 2006
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PostPosted: Sun Dec 17, 2006 9:30 am Reply with quoteBack to top

dear mr. bjaypee
Thank u for ur effort ..this topic is very informative .

with regards
gopi
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balram
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Joined: 25 Jan 2002
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PostPosted: Mon Dec 18, 2006 9:50 pm Reply with quoteBack to top

Hi,

I think Adikaratti is not belong to "Mekku Nadu Seeme". Can you check this.

Bala

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bellielic wrote:
bjaypee wrote:

This is a small attempt to to learn and know about our hattis

Though, so much is written and spoken about Badagas, it is a matter of great regret and concern that still the “EXACT” number of Badaga hattis is not known. The total number varies from 300 to 400. Rao Bahadur H.B. Ari Gowder is known to have sent his assistant HAIKA MATHI in 1940s and 1950s to all over the Nakku Betta to know about the villages and the problems of Badagas, but,unfortunately there are no written records available / traceable.

Badagas, generally, refer to their village or hamlet as ‘ HATTI ‘ spread around ‘Nakku Betta’ (the Nigiris). Nakku Betta literaly means four (Nakku) Mountains (betta) though there are many more bettas (hills) around which the villages are located.

It appears that initially when the Badagas established their hamlets, they took two very important factors into consideration. Being very environment conscious, they chose a) Direction - always or to a very great extent facing the east [ ‘Hothu (sun) uttua (rising) pakka (side)’] and b) Water source - near a stream (halla) or spring (huttu neeru).

Every hatti had a ’suthugallu’ (sacred triangular shaped stone) at the base of a ‘bikka mara’ (tree) around which important meetings (Kootu) took place. For the most sacred of all Badaga festivals ‘Hethai Habba’ - always held on a monday (sovara), the collection of money (Hana kattodu) took place at the suthugallu in an eloborate ceremony on the preceding friday (belli). Let me write about Hethai Habba in a separate article.

The houses of each village were laid out in parallel rows, each row facing the east. The houses had common walls (Gode mane) possibly as a measure of security. Every house had exactly the same configuration of Bayilu (entrance), Nadu Mane (central-living/dining room ),Oge mane (Inner room) which also doubles up as the kitchen with a 'beskatti' (large basket) above the hearth for drying, Pillay (bathroom) and Ereh (a separate room adjacent to the bayilu). Of course, there was an attic on top of beskatti( kitchen having a hearth) the entry to which is from the nadumane. Again, we will discuss about a typical badaga house separately.

[Post script (03/11/06) : My wife tells me that I may not be accurate in describing a typical Badaga house - she mentions about EDA MANE & OGANA MANE. I will give a correct picture soon]

A cluster of villages, which need not be close or adjacent to each other, is called a ‘Seeme’. The Nilgiri Hills - Naakku Betta , was divided into four ' Seemes ' and all the hattis were brought under them. What is the basis apart from the geographical consideration (which is not true always) is not known. But one unfortunate fallout was that each 'Seeme' considered itself to be superior and hence there was a lot silent bickering. This carried on till a strong leader like Rao Bahadur Bellie Gowda and after him his son Rao Bahadur Ari Gowda tried to unite all the Badagas so that their problems could be sorted out and properly represented to the Government of the day.

Prof. Paul Hockings may be one of the earliest to mention the number and names of the hattis in his books.

In a laudable effort , Mr. K.H.Madha Gowder edited “NAKKU BETTA” magazine, had attempted to record all the hattis in one of its issues in late 1970s. I take this opportunity to list the villages as mentioned in ‘Nakku Betta’ hoping any omission/ incorrect mention will be brought out so that the same can be included / corrected.

I have preferred to use the names as known to Badagas. For example, Jakkada for Jagathala or Manjida for Manjithala or Pedduva for Pethala



I. ‘ Thodha Naadu Seeme ‘


( Supposed to be our “Dodda Ooru”. Also known as ‘Raja Padagiri Seeme’)

The boundaries are from Solur to Kookkal Thore

1. Kada naadu 2. Kei Kauhatti 3. Baralatti 4. Kundeh Soppe 5. Edu hatti

6. Kodu mudi 7. Thore hatti 8. Hanni Kore 9. Kavilore 10. Kavaratti

11. Kara pillu 12. Kallatti 13. Soluru 14. Thalai male 15. Kengal

16. Bara mannu 17. Kenguva mudi 18. Ajjoor 19. Thatha benu

20. Kurumbedi 21. Alattane 22. Maasigan 23. Davane 24. Mynale

25. Moregallu 26. Kendore 27. Beragallu 28. Ullupatti 29. Hosa hatti

30.Batta kore 31. Mavu kallu 32. Malli gore 33. Thatneri 34. Panju mora

35. Bikke Kandi 36. Bekkodu 37. Kokkulu 38. Bendatti 39. Osa hatti

40. Bana hatti 41. Honnadale 42. Thegili 43. Omeyaratti 44. Jakkalorai

45. Madithore 46. Thummanada 47. Kappachi 48. Muguttuva

49. Nelli Mandu 50. Karakkallu 51. Nanja nadu 52. Ode hatti 53. Melur

54. Akoni 55. Kada sole 56. Hosa hatti 57. Poose kunnur 58. Konagatti

59. Ebbu nadu 60. Kagguchi 61. Kalingana hatti 62. Kookal 63. Seegola

64. Aalatti 65. Mel Kau hatti 66. Kambatti 67. Thummanatti 68. Billi kambai

69. Thooneri 70. Ooru malai 71. Mara kallu 72. Kuruthu kuli 73. Hullathi

74. Bikkatti 75. Athi kallu 76. Thattaneri (Repeat?) 77. Osa hatti (repeat?)

78. Motha kambe 79. Moragutti 80. Jeenatti 81. Bikke mora hatti

82. Uyilatti 83.Kookal Thore 84. Melatti 85. Nadu hatti

(What I have mentioned as repeat - may be there are two Osa hattis ?)



II. ‘Porangadu Seeme’

Also known as ” Aaila Baila Seeme ” ( Porangadu 19 (Hathombathu) Ooru ).

From ‘Hubbathale‘ to ‘Hulivare‘ constitute the boundaries.


1. Thatha Nadu 2. Ora sole 3. Gundada 4. Pudiyangi 5. Marle Kambe

6. Batta Kore 7. Arakkambe 8. Mel Ane hatti 9. Kil Ane hatti 10. Dhimbatti

11. Kada kodu 12. Sippili kambe 13. Kanneri mookku 14. Ali ooru

15. Are hatti 16. Sayil dittu 17. Jakkalode 18. Kade kambatti 19. Kappatti

20. Kanneri 21. Nara giri 22. kunni hatti 23. Beraganni 24. Sundatti

25. Selakkore 26. Ker bettu 27. Betlada 28. Bendatti 29. Meedenu

30. Ker kambe 31. Lilli hatti 32. Bamudi 33. Neduguva 34. Bandime

35. Kodamale 36. Pedduva 37. Baiyangi 38. Kallatti 39. Hakkeru 40. Yeda palli

41. Eethore 42. Bettatti 43. Osatti 44. Katta bettu 45. Hubbathale Ooru

46.Honnore 47. Attave 48. Natta kallu 49. Kerbennu 50. Kathigatti

51. Eruppu kallu 52. Pudu mandu 53. Thotha mokke 54. Keraiyada

55. Jakkanare 56. Sakkatha 57. Kesalada 58. Aravenu 59. Thumbooru

60. Kallada 61. Bangalada 62. Thinni ooru 63. Onnatti 64. Thooneri 65. Sulli goodu

66. Edukkore 67. Kengare 68. Hullathatti 69. Kottuvana hatti 70. Mel Odenu

71. Kil Odenu 72. Banni ooru 73. Bebbenu 74. Konavakore 75. Kakkul

76. Dhabba kambe 77. Thogalatti 78. Denadu 79. Ane ode 80. Thalore

81. Yettkallu 82. Odeyaru hatti 83. Mudia kambe 84. Selave

85. Kurukkathi 86. Kavilore 87. Selakore 88. Kottanalli 89. Thumbi male

90. Jakka kombe 91. Avvur 92. Bellada 93. Osatti (repeat?) 94. Embimora hatti

95. Bikkatti 96. Bagumudi 97. Dhodda mane hatti 98. Kagakkuthore

99. Koon sole 100. Jakkada 101.Odanatti 102.Bearatti 103. Malliore

104. Kakakore 105. Kil Bikkatti 106. Mel Bikkatti 107. Hubbathale Hatti

108. Kari mora 109. Kechigatti 110. Nadu hatti 111. Bettatti (repeat?) 112. Manjida


III. ‘ Mekku Nadu Seeme ‘

Also known as ‘ Asala Bisalagiri Seeme ‘ and (Meekunadu Seeme 9 (Ombathu) Ooru).

From Ketti to Keeyur

1. Porore 2. Sogathore 3. Sakkalatti 4. Kethore 5. Denale 6. Dhoddani

7. Kil Odayaratti 8. Kodangatti 9. Kekkatti 10. Emakkatti 11. Ker kandi

12. Ellanalli 13.Hullada 14. Ketti Ooru 15. Achanakal 16. Halada 17. Theda hatti

18. De hatti 19. Sora gundu 20. Kerada 21. Ken Kundhe 22. Kammandu

23. Mel Odayaratti 24. Thambatti 25. Adikaratti 26. Ane hatti 27. Mutti nadu

28. Oranai (Kattery) 29. Kattery 30. Nadu hatti 31.Thooratti 32. Kenduva

33. Koderi 34. Mel Koderi 35. Oor thittu 36. Allattane 37. Manja kambe

38. Denadu 39. Mynale 40. Kokkalada 41. Maasi kandi 42. Bengal 43. Kothi ben

44. Hulikkal 45. Panne bennu 46. Melur 47. Attu bayilu 48. Porthi

49. Bembatti 50. Belitho 51. Ithalar 52. Pudugatti 53.Thodhale 54. Dhodda appukodu

55. Umar kandi 56. Angidi hatti 57. Byge mandu 58. Osatti 59. kallakore

60. kariyalbe 61. Nunduva 62. Muduguva 63. Balakore 64. Meekeru

65. Manu hatti 65. Thangadu 66. Oranai 67. Kanneri 68. Mandhane

69. Godalatti 70. Bikol 71. Kasole 72. Mel Osatti 73. Kil Osatti 74. Haraguchi

75. Bellada 76. Nai hatti 77. Are hatti 78. Aadakore (Thulidale)


IV. ‘ Kundhe Seeme ‘

Also known as ‘ Eera Jilla Seeme ‘(?)

1. Kinna kore 2. Osatti 3. Bikkatti 4. Hiriya seege 5. Mel Kundhe

6. Attu mannu 7. Mulli male 8. Nadu hatti 9. Kechigatti 10. Kerabadu

11. karia male 12. Kandi bikke 13. Manjooru 14. Mani kallu 15. Kil Kundhe

16. Thooneri 17. Matta kandi 18. Bakore 19. Mullegooru 20. Osa hatti

21. Bikkatti 22. Kunjanare 23. Gundinaali 24. Mukki male 25. Kai kandi

26. Edakkadu thale hatti 27. Edakkadu nadu hatti 28. Sundatti


Kindly write/comment to tell me about any ommissions & corrections at

bjaypee@gmail.com

To see the above with photos go to

http://badaga.wordpress.com/badaga-villages-nakku-betta-hattis/


Added on 8/11/06 (thanks to rajunandha's post)

1.Kora Kundhe 2. Emarald 3. Santhoor


Please write about the Hattis that might been omitted


In Badaga Hatties, Shantoor was added as a Badaga Hatty.
But Shantoor is not a Badaga Hatty. There non badagas only live, and it is a small bazaar in Ketti.
Anyhow Badaga Christians are living in two hamlets nearby Shantoor and the are known as THORAJADA and KOMBUKORAI.
Kindly note this error, annd delete Shantoor from Badaga Hatties list.
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